One word substitution
One word substitution

One Word Substitution

“One Word Substitution” as the phrase indicates itself are the words that replace group of words or a full sentence effectively. In English language there are a lots of single words for a group of words that can be used effectively to make the writing to the point that too without losing the meaning of the context.

विद्यार्थी ‘अनेक शब्दों के लिये प्रयुक्त एक शब्द’ (One Word for Many Words) का ध्यानपूर्वक अध्ययन करें। परीक्षा में आपके शब्दार्थ – ज्ञान की जानकारी के लिए इस प्रकार का प्रश्न पूछा जा सकता है। प्रश्न का प्रारूप इस प्रकार हो सकता है –
Q. Give one word for each of the following –

  1. One who teaches.
  2. A place where birds and animals are kept.
  3. A person who loves his own country.

उत्तर के लिये पहले इन शब्द – समूहों को ध्यानपूर्वक पढ़ें , इनका अर्थ समझें और फिर इनके लिये प्रयुक्त शब्द को लिखें-

Ans. 1. वह जो पढ़ाते हैं – Teacher
2. वह स्थान जहाँ पशु – पक्षी रखे जाते हैं – Zoo
3. वह व्यक्ति जो अपने देश को प्यार करता है – Patriot

नीचे कुछ ऐसे ही शब्द दे रहे हैं जिनका प्रयोग अनेक शब्दों के एक समूह के लिए किया जाता है :-

S.No.Group of wordsOne-Word Substitution
1.A dress of the same kind for school childrenUniform
2.A book containing words and meaningsDictionary
3.A Hindu festival of lightsDiwali
4.The festival of Christ birthChristmas
5.A strong feeling of affectionLove
6.A strong feeling of dislikeHatred
7.A land thickly covered with treesForest
8.A land surrounded by waterIsland
9.One who gives judgementJudge
10.One who huntsHunter
11.The head of the collegePrincipal
12.The time of day breakMorning
13.One who sells the booksBookseller
14.Mail is delivered by aPostman
15.Patients are treated by aDoctor
16.The time of sunsetEvening
17.One who climbs on mountainsClimber
18.A place where experiments are doneLaboratory
19.A place where prisoners are keptPrison
20.An instrument used for calculationCalculator
21.One who sweeps dirt and filthSweeper
22.A person who lives on vegetablesVegetarian
23.A person who eats meat alsoNon – vegetarian
24.A person who is not marriedBachelor
25.A person whose wife is deadWidower
26.A woman whose husband is deadWidow
27.A child whose parents are deadOrphan
28.Murder of oneselfSuicide
29.To carry away a person by forceKidnap
30.A list of booksCatalogue
31.A life history of a man written by himselfAutobiography
32.A life history of a man written by someone elseBiography
33.One who leads publicLeader
34.Government by the peopleDemocracy
35.A person who cannot read and writeIlliterate
36.Articles received by one country from the otherImport
37.Articles sent from one country to the otherExport
38.A period of seven daysWeek
39.A period of twelve monthsYear
40.A period of hundred yearsCentury
41.That which happens once in a yearAnnual
42.A large number of peopleMajority
43.A fewer number of peopleMinority
44.Which cannot be seenInvisible
45.Which cannot be readIllegible
46.A sound which can be heardAudible
47.Surgical performance of the bodyOperation
48.Medical examination of the dead bodyPostmortem
49.A fellow workerColleague
50.A short sentence often quotedProverb

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